Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury Prevention Screening
Do you know that most ACL injuries occur in non-contact situations? Commonly occurring in change of direction, landing poorly from a jump or extending the knee with the feet rooted on the floor. According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, about 70 percent of ACL injuries in athletes happen through mechanisms such as pivoting, cutting, sidestepping, out of control play or awkward landings, while about 30 percent of ACL injuries occur from contact with other players. Screening of this activities can reduce the likelihood of ACL injuries. According to the American Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine, about 150,000 ACL injuries occur in the United States every year. The same source reports that ACL injuries account for more than a $500 million in U.S. health-care costs each year. Screening will involve the individual performing some assessment on identifying the sports specific movements. The assessments will assist identify limited mobility, flexibility, weak or poor movement patterns to reduce the risk of ACL injury. With these findings, the physiotherapist can assist in planning a rehabilitation program. It is vital, for the individual to train on the sports specific exercise programs and re-learn correct movement patterns for the sports. Ultimately, the main aim for both the clinician and client is to reduce the risk of ACL injuries and improve the individual’s sports performance.