is an overuse injury of the connective tissues located on the outer lateral part of the thigh and knee.
- pain in the knee when running or doing other activities
- lingering pain after exercise
- tenderness in buttocks
- redness and warmth around the knee, especially the outer aspect
Poor training habits
- Spending long periods of time sitting in lotus posture in yoga.
- Consistently running on a horizontally banked surface on which the downhill leg is bent slightly inward, causing extreme stretching of the band.
- Inadequate warm-up or cool-down
- Positioning the feet “toed-in” to an excessive angle when cycling
Abnormalities in lower limb anatomy
- High or low arches of the foot
- Abnormal pelvic tilting
- Uneven leg length
- Bowlegs or tightness about the iliotibial band.
- Muscle imbalance in the lower limb.
- Initial treatment includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE).
- Home treatment includes stretching, massage, and use of foam roller.
- Physiotherapy to evaluate and treat the underlying cause of the problem.
- Gait analysis may be used to detect imbalances in muscle strength and balance and/or flexibility.
- Orthotics may be useful if IT band syndrome is due to a gait problem, pelvic tilt, or leg-length discrepancy.